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Industrial Waste Management (ITC Ltd. Kolkata)
13-05-2011, 03:25 PM
Post: #1
Industrial Waste Management (ITC Ltd. Kolkata)
PRESENTED BY:
Niladri Sekhar Roy

[attachment=13787]
Industrial Waste Management Case study (ITC Ltd. Kolkata)
1. Introduction
ITC limited is one of India’s foremost private companies with a market capitalization of approx. INR 70000 crores and annual turn over of over INR 16224 crores. ITC has diversified presence in Cigarettes, Hotels, Paperboards and speciality papers, Packaging, Agribusiness, Branded apparel, Packaged foods and confectionery, Greeting cards, Stationary and other Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) products.
The India Tobacco Division (ITD) of ITC has four cigarette manufacturing facilities in Bangalore, Saharanpur, Munger and Kolkata. ITC’s Kolkata unit located at Kidderpore is operational since 1934
2. Objectives of the study
1. To know the sources of raw materials of cigarette manufacturing.
     2. To know various types raw materials used in cigarette manufacturing.
3. To know various processes of cigarette manufacturing.
4. To find various types of wastes generates in this factory.
5. To know various impacts of these wastes on Environment and Health.
6. To know the management of these wastes.
7. To evaluate other possible waste management techniques.
3. Concept of Environment, Health & Safety
Environment can be defined as “the life supporting system that surrounds every living organisms.”
Health can be defined as the “Metabolic efficiency”
Safety can be defined as “ Being far from any adverse event for the health, society, environment”
4. Cigarette manufacturing process & waste generation
a) By Cigarette manufacturing machine (LOGA)
Wastes from LOGA
Cut tobacco
Tobacco dust
Cigarette paper
Filter
PCT (Paper Cork Tip)
Gum
Winnowing
b) By Packing machine (FOCKE)
Waste from FOCKE
Waste cigarette
Blank
Inner frame
Aluminum foil/ Metalized Paper
Gum
Tobacco Dust
c) By Wrapping machine
Waste from wrapping machine
Waste cigarette
Blank
Inner frame
Aluminum foil
BOPP
TOR
C ore
d) By Gay wrapping machine
Waste from gay wrapping
Wrapping paper(Gay Wrapper)
Core
Gum
E) By Final packing
Waste from final packaging
Gum Tape waste
5. Wastes generates from various sectors
·       Waste from roulette area
·       Waste from Secondary Manufacturing Department
·       Waste from Canteen
·       Waste from garden
·       Waste from office buildings
. Waste from slide making area
. Waste from ambulance room
6. Environmental risks due to various wastes
All types of tobacco waste creates air, water and land pollution
Dumping of wastes cause bad smell, increasing of pests, insects, help various diseases to break out & also causes site pollution.
Dumping of non-biodegradable wastes on land reduce its fertility.
4. Oil & grease, Discarded medicines can pollute ground water level as it present near the ground surface.
5. Dumping of non-biodegradable waste reduces the fertility of the soil.
7. Health risks due to various waste
Tobacco dust from roulette are, manufacturing area, DRF plant etc. can cause allergy, fever & respiratory problems.
Continuous exposure to noise can damage the hearing system, and also cause the nerve problem, depression, headache etc.
3. Vibration of the manufacturing machines can cause various problems. White finger is common among workers who use vibrating drills.
4. Dumping of waste may cause various diseases to peoples.
  8. Waste Management by the factory
WMS waste, Plastic rope, Packaging, paper etc.
Collection Storage
Sold to vendors
Recycling
Tobacco
Canteen wastes
9.    Alternative waste management process.
Bio-degradation of Nicotine by a newly isolated Agrobacterium Sp. Strain S 33, Bacillus and lactobacillus Sp.
Enzymatic production of Glucose from waste paper. Glucose thereafter can be utilized for production of ethanol and other chemicals by specific microbial cultures.
Tobacco wastes can be used as fertilizer for improving yields and nutritional value of tomato & Lettuce (Lactuca sativa).
4. Production of Caffeic Acid (CA) from the Caffeoylquinic Acid (CQAs) of tobacco. Caffeic Acid is widely applied in food and pharmaceutical industries.
5. Vermicomposting of Bio-degradable waste produces a better quality fertilizer.
6. Biogas & Bio-diesel production from the biodegradable waste is possible.
7. Electricity production from the garbage is now possible.


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Q
09-02-2012, 10:59 AM
Post: #2
RE: Industrial Waste Management (ITC Ltd. Kolkata)
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